AzhwArthirunagari chithrai thiruvAdhirai anubhavam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:  SrI vAnAchala mahAmunayE nama:

AzhwArthirunagari is a dhivyadhESam with three-folded glory. That is,
  • AzhwAr performed mangaLASAsanam to make this kshEthran a dhivyadhESam,
  • it is the avathAra sthalam (birth-place) of AzhwAr (nammAzhwAr) and
  • it is the avathAra sthalam of Acharyas (kurugaik kAvalappan, emperumAnAr (bhavishyadhAchAryan) and maNAvALa mAmunigaL)
Our pUrvAchAryas have glorified AzhwArthirunagari greatly in the commentaries. thAmirabharaNi river which runs along this dhivyadhESam is considered as a holy river. To know more about this dhivyadhESam, please visit .

nammAzhwAr who is praised as prapannna jana kUtasthar (leader of the clan of surrendered SrIvaishNavas), resides along with AdhinAthan emperumAn here and is showering his unlimited mercy upon all of us. Here perumAL enjoys two brahmOthsavams, one during chithrai month and another during panguni month. AzhwAr enjoys two major uthsavams, his thiruvavathAra uthsavam during vaikAsi  month and divine vigraha prathishtOthsavam during mAsi month, both with hamsa flag hoisting. Further, many uthsavams such as pavithrOthsavam, vasanthOthsavam etc are also celebrated here. adhyayana uthsavam is also celebrated with great enthusiasm.

The divine deities of nammAzhwAr and emperumAnAr manifested due to nammAzhwAr's mercy when madhurakavi AzhwAr boiled the thAmirabharaNi river. Here, bhavishyadhAchAryan sannidhi is located in the western part of the town. Just as existing for AzhwAr, bhavasihyadhAchAryan too have four streets around the temple and a sannidhi street, all of which were estabblished by thiruvAmozhip piLLai after the muslim invation (about 650 years ago)

In this bhavishyadhAchAryan sannidhi, there is also an AchArya pItam (mutt) which is coming along in succession. Under the eminent leadership of the jIyar swAmy, the kainkaryams of this sannidhi is happening very well. To know more about this sannidhi, please visit .

Here, every year, emperumAnAr's thirunakshathra mahOthavam is celebrated in a grand manner for eleven days. 4000 dhivya prabandhams are recited in morning and evening sessions during the ten days for the joyful pleasure of emperumAnAr who is seated in an Unjal (swing). On the eleventh day, emperumAnAr enjoys gandhappodi uthsavam and mercifully concludes the uthsavam.

The main topic of this article is the chithrai thiruvAdhirai day, which is the sARRumuRai day of this uthsavam. Let us enjoy it a little bit.

  • On the day of thiruvAdhirai, in the morning, after viSvarUpam, emperumAnAr is seated on the Unjal
  • In AzhwAr sannidhi, after AzhwAr's daily thirumanjanam, he sends his garland to emperumAnAr and emperumAnAr is decorated with the same
  • kaNNinuN chiRuth thAmbu, thiruppAvai sEvAkAlam and sARRumuRai
  • parivattam (special cloth which is worn as a honour) and garland for jIyar swamy
  • thIrtham, mudhaiyANdAn and sweet rice prasAdham for all
  • Usually, perumAL's chithrai uthsavam will also occur during this time. Mostly, it will be fourth day. Sometimes it would also be fifth day. During perumAL puRappAdu in the morning, he stops at the end of emperumAnAr's sannidhi street, and sARRumuRai will be performed. emperumAnAr will be seated in a pallakku (palanquin) and will join the gOshti.
  • Once puRappAdu completes, emperumAnAr will arrive at the vAhana maNdapam along with perumAL. thiruvandhik kAppu (final Arathi) will be performed and bhOgam (food offerings) will be offered.
  • Subsequently, perumAL will return to his sannidhi and emperumAnAr will arrive at AzhwAr sannidhi
  • emperumAnAr will be seated in the same maNdapam where AzhwAr will be seated daily after enjoying thirumanjanam (Note: Only emperumAnAr and mAmunigaL are seated in the same maNdapam - all other AzhwArs/AchAryas will be seated outside the maNdapam only). AzhwAr will be seated facing east and emperumAnAr will be seated facing north.
  • rAmAnusa nURRandhAdhi sEvAkAlam
  • emperumAnAr is seated facing AzhwAr
  • araiyar will recite kaNNinuN chiRuth thAmbu along with thALam (cymbals). archakar will offer thiruththuzhAy to AzhwAr from emperumAnAr's divine hands. Subsequently araiyar recites the glories of AzhwAr. At that time, archakar will present AzhwAr's garland, SrI rAmAnujam (pAdhukA) to emperumAnAr.
  • rAmAnusa nURRandhAdhi sARRumuRai, emperumAnAr's appearance day related pAsurams from mAmunigaL's upadhESa raththina mAlai and vAzhi thirunAmams
  • thIrtham, SrI rAmAnujam and prasAdham distribution
  • AzhwAr returns to his sannidhi in kaiththala sEvai  (archakars carrying him in their hands) along with chathram (umbrella), chAmara (wysk) and cloth on the ground (this happens everyday).
  • AzhwAr presents his garland and SrI rAmAnujam to emperumAnAr
  • AzhwAr unwillingly bids farewell to emperumAnAr
  • emperumAnAr arrives at maNavALa mAmunigaL sannidhi
  • mAmunigaL is seated in the same pallakku and is carried along with emperumAnAr
  • Both of them arrive at kUraththAzhwAn sannidhi and accept bhOgam there
  • Subsequently they arrive at emperumAnAr sannidhi
  • emperumAnAr and mAmunigaL accepts full bhOgam
  • thadhIyArAdhanam at emperumAnAr sannidhi to all
  • gadhya thrayam sEvAkAlam and sARRumuRai at emperumAnAr sannidhi
  • perumAL puRappAdu in SEsha vAhanam
  • perumAL arrives at the end of emperumAnAr sannidhi street and stands facing emperumAnAr
  • emperumAnAr jIyar offers beetle leaves/nuts to perumAL
  • Big Arathi for perumAL which will be offered to emperumAnAr and mAmunigaL subsequently
  • thiruvArAdhanam for emperumAnAr and mAmunigaL
  • After perumAL puRAppAdu completion, his garland is sent to emperumAnAr
  • emperumAnAr is decorated with perumAL's garland
  • dhivya prabandha sEvAkAlam - thiruppallANdu, periya thirumozhi 11th centum, thirukkuRundhANdagam, thirunedundhANdagam, periya thirumadal, kaNNinuN chiRuth thAmbu, thiruvAimozhi 10th centum
  • sARRumuRai, emperumAnAr's appearance day related pAsurams from mAmunigaL's upadhESa raththina mAlai and vAzhi thirunAmams
  • emperumAnAr offers parivattam, garland, mudhaliyANdAn and prasAdham to mAmunigaL
  • parivattam, garland for jIyar swamy
  • thIrtham, mudhaiyANdAn, suNdal and puLiyOdharai prasAdham distribution for all
  • thiruvisAgam (sayanam, placing him in sleep) for emperumAnAr
  • emperumAnAr presents garland, mudhaliyANdAn and thiruvisAga prasAdham to mAmunigaL
  • emperumAnAr unwillingly bids farewell to mAmunigaL and returns to his sannidhi with yathirAja vimSathi recital
  • thiruvisAgam for mAmunigaL
  • prasAdham distirbution for all
Next day evening (gandhappodi (fragrance powder) uthsavam)
  • emperunAnAr puRappAdu in thOLukkiniyAn (type of pallakku)
  • Outside the jIyar mutt, parivattam, garland, mudhaliyANdAn and gandhappodi presented to jIyar swamy
  • thIrtham, gandhappodi distribution for all
  • emperumAnAr enjoys puRappAdu around the temple (chathur vEdhi mangalam)
  • He passes through North car street and arrives at the entrance of mAmunigaL sannidhi and stands there facing mAmunigaL
  • emperumAnAr's garland, mudhaliyANdAn presented to mAmunigaL
  • emperumAnAr returns to his sannidhi
  • rAmAnusa nURRandAdhi sARRumuRai
  • thiruvandhik kAppu
  • bhOgam offered to emperumAnAr
  • prasAdham distribution to all
  • emperumAnAr returns to his inner sanctum
We can be certain that we won't have this experience of performing mangaLASAsanam to perumAL, AzhwAr, emperumAnAr and jIyar - all together at one location, anywhere else. Those who missed experiencing it this year, can plan to be present in AzhwArthirunagari next year and enjoy this great day there.

Source -

AzhwAr emperumAnAr jIyar jIyar thiruvadigaLE SaraNam
adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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Introduction to rahasya granthams - nAyanAr - AchArya hrudhayam

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:  SrI vAnAchala mahAmunayE nama:

This article is based on the vyAkyAna avathArikai (introduction to the commentary) blessed by mAmunigaL for nAyanAr's rahasya grantham named AchArya hrudhayam.

sarvESvaran who is the divine consort of SrI mahAlakshmi and is the lord of all, is accepting the eternal services rendered by nithyasUris in SrIvaikuNtam (paramapadham, spiritual realm) which is filled with unlimited bliss. nithyasUris are those who have unlimited pure knowledge, bliss etc; they act according to the divine will of emperumAn and sustain themselves with that. While accepting their services, emperumAn thinks about the bound souls who are in material realm, who are also equally qualified to render services but are not doing it, grieves for them and desires to uplift them.

He is constantly engaged in many efforts to uplift them.
  • Seeing the chEthanas (sentient beings) remaining without body and senses (during creation) similar to achEthanas (insentient objects), thereby unable to engage in enjoyment in this world or to attain liberation, out of overwhelming mercy, he bestowed them body and senses which are useful for them to attain his divine lotus feet and gave them knowledge and the ability to act and restrain.
  • Out of great mercy, he bestows vEdham so that the chEthanas can use the knowledge and identify what is to be pursued and what is to be given up.
  • Further, being the antharyAmi (in-dwelling super soul) of manu and sages, he mercifully reveals smruthi, ithihAsas and purANas. These SAsthrams exist for the sake of AthmAs who are with bodies.
  • Since there are lots of restrictions to learn these SAsthrams, and since they are learned after trying for long time, considering in his divine heart that they are difficult to attain, he revealed the brahma vidhyA named ashtAksharam which is solely focussed on the salvation of AthmA.
  • Seeing that this also did not help in fulfilling his desire [of uplifting all], just like the kings who would themselves step out to help when their message does not accomplish what is required, he himself descended as SrI rAma, krishNa et al., to uplift them.
  • Seeing that no one got uplifted even after his efforts, thinking that his being different species (paramAthmA different from jIvAthmAs) and thinking that he cannot reform them, as those who catch deer would use another deer to do it, he decides to help the jIvAthmAs through other jIvAthmAs. He started mercifully glancing everywhere to create the best person, and as no one was becoming a target of his glance, in the southern direction, his glance befell upon nammAzhwAr who was a bound soul who was suffering through birth and death cycle continuously, and as a result of that merciful glance and emperumAn's causeless mercy, he attained divine knowledge and devotion.
  • AzhwAr deeply enjoyed emperumAn's svarUpam (true nature), rUpa (forms), guNa (qualities). vibhUthi (wealth, activities) and as an outcome of such experience, mercifully composed the pAsurams. Just as the SlOkam which was recited by vAlmIki out of sorrow, lead to SrI rAmAyaNam which was perfect per poetic rules, by the grace of brahmA, AzhwAr's pAsurams became thiruvAimozhi which is perfect per poetic rules, by the grace of bhagavAn. Note: Through these pAsurams, all chEthanas got the means for their upliftment.
As this thiruvAimozhi is in thamizh, being vast and revealing many principles, since it is difficult for everyone to understand the essence in it, azhagiya maNavALap perumAL nAyanAr, out of his great mercy, thinking about revealing the special meanings in it, the divine will of AzhwAr in it and the subject matter which is desirable for our AchAryas is the refuge for all, mercifully explains these principles which were orally taught by AchAryas thus far, in this prabandham named AchArya hrudhayam which is aptly sized (neither too small nor too big).

This prabandham is divinely named "AchArya hrudhayam" since it reveals the principles which are dear to the divine heart of AzhwAr who is the first AchArya of the followers of vEdham as said in "Adhyasya na: kulapathE:", as he explained in his dhivya prabandhams. nAyanAr mercifully used the words from dhivya prabandham to construct this prabandham. The reason for this is - as AzhwArs were divinely blessed by bhagavAn with divine knowledge and devotion, their words are most trustworthy and enjoyable, they are dear to him too.Further, as a necklace strung by an expert in pearls will be very expensive, these words which were collected from dhivya prabandham and compiled by nAyanAr with his ability to do so, the text itself will be sweet for those who are interested in dhivya prabandham. Thus, this prabandham will be very relishable for those who are scholars due to the quality of the words and their meanings.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan
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