archAvathAra anubhavam - madhurakavi AzhwAr anubhavam

sri:
srimathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srimadh varavaramunayE nama:
sri vAnAchala mahAmunayE nama:

In the previous article (http://ponnadi.blogspot.in/2012/10/archavathara-anubhavam-nammazhwar.html) we observed nammAzhwAr's archAvathAra anubhavam.


Let us now see madhurakavi AzhwAr's archAvathAra anubhavam.




There are two levels of nishtai - pratham parva nishtai and charama parva nishtai.
  • prathama parva nishtai which means being completely focussed on emperumAn all the time.
  • charama parva nishtai which means being completely focussed on AchAryan/bhAgavathas all the time. 
While all the AzhwArs are situated in prathama parva nishtai madhura kavi AzhwAr and ANdAL are explained by our pUrvAchAryas as being situated in charama parva nishtai. 
ANdAL identifies in nAchiAr thirumozhi that emperumAn kaNNan is "vittuchiththar thanGgaL dhEvar" (விட்டுசித்தர் தங்கள் தேவர்). Because periyAzhwAr liked and showed kaNNan, ANdAL says she is also following him. Anyway, we will discuss ANdAL's nishtai in some other occassion.
madhurakavi AzhwAr was fully surrendered to nammAzhwAr and he was fully satisfied . This is explained by piLLai lOkAchAryar in srivachana bhUshaNa dhivya sAsthram in sUthram 408 and 409. Let us take this opportunity to first establish madhurakavai AzhwAr's greatness before going in to his archAvathAra anubhavam.

unNdapOthoru vArththaiyum unNnNAthapOthoru vArththaiyum cholluvAr paththuppErunNdirE, avargaL pAsuram konNdanRu ivvarththam aRuthiyiduvathu. (உண்டபோதொரு வார்த்தையும் உண்ணாதபோதொரு வார்த்தையும் சொல்லுவார் பத்துப்பேருண்டிரே, அவர்கள் பாஸுரம் கொண்டன்று இவ்வர்த்தம் அறுதியிடுவது.)

avargaLaich chiriththiruppAr oruvarunNdiRE; avar pAsuram konNdu ivvarththam aRuthiyidakkadavOm. (அவர்களைச் சிரித்திருப்பார் ஒருவருண்டிறே; அவர் பாஸுரம் கொண்டு இவ்வர்த்தம் அறுதியிடக்கடவோம்.)


piLLai lOkAchAryar, in the last prakaraNam, is discussing the highest nishtai that AchAryan is upAyam and upEyam for AchArya nishtars. For that he compares madhurakavi AzhwAr with other AzhwArs. Without mAmunigaL's vyAkyAnam, we cannot clearly understand the meanings of these sUthrams. Let us immerse ourselves a little bit in mAmunigaL's beautiful vyAkyAnam.

Here eating (unNda) means having bhagavath anubhavam and not-eating (unNnNAtha) means not having bhagavath anubhavam. Because for AzhwArs "unNnNum chORu parugu NIr thinnum veRRilai ellAm kanNnNan" (உண்ணும் சோறு பருகு நீர் தின்னும் வெற்றிலை எல்லாம் கண்ணன்).

AzhwArs in general, are bhAgavatha nishtars only. When they are happy (unNdapOthoru vArththai), in many pAsurams, they glorify bhAgavathAs. For example, nammAzhwAr says "payilum piRappidai thOrum emmaiyALum paramar" (In every birth they will  be my swAmys), "varumaiyum immaiyum nammai aLikkum pirAkkaL" (in future and the present, they are the protectors for us), etc. Other AzhwArs have also glorified bhAgavathAs very much when they are happy. But when they dont have bhagavath anubhavam (unNnNAthapOthoru vArththai), out of desperation to see emperumAn and out of their unbearable sorrow, they have said some harsh words to emperumAn and also to bhAgavathAs. For example, nammAzhwAr calls garudAzhwAr as "venjiraippuL" (because he uses his wings to fly away carrying emperumAn from AzhwAr), etc. AzhwArs also become bewildered when they dont have bhagavath anubhavam out of the immense sorrow they go through. They have so much attachment for emperumAn which is unimaginable for us, that when they dont have bhagavth anubhavam they are completely shaken up. It is shown in the vyAkyAnams that just like we are completely shaken up when our material desires are not fulfilled, AzhwArs are completely shaken up when there is no bhagavath anubhavam for them.

Unlike other AzhwArs, madhuravaki AzhwAr was fully situated in nammAzhwAr. So, he was always happy and said "dhEvumaRRaRiyEn", "nAvinAL naviRRu inbam eythinEn", etc.

That being said, archAvathAra emperumAn is so powerful that he can even attract such AchArya nishtars towards him. This is explained in the 3rd pAsuram of kaNNinun chiruththAmbu.

thirithaNthAgilum dhEvapirAnudaik (திரிதந்தாகிலும் தேவபிரானுடைக் )
kariya kOlath thiruvurukkAnNban NAn (கரிய கோலத் திருவுருக்காண்பன் நான்)
periyavanN kurugUr Nagar Nambikku (பெரியவண் குருகூர் நகர் நம்பிக்கு)
ALuriyanAy adiyEn peRRa NanmaiyE (ஆளுரியனாய் அடியேன் பெற்ற நன்மையே)

Simple translation:
"Even taking my eyes off nammAzhwAr, I will enjoy the blackish beautiful thirumEni of the swAmy of nithyasUris. I got this great benediction (of seeing emperumAn) because of my subservience to kurugUr nambi (nammAzhwAr)."

emperumAn is willingly showing his beautiful thirumEni to madhurakavi AzhwAr since he is a disciple of nammAzhwAr. While madhurakavi AzhwAr is generally not interested in bhagavath anubhavam and is fully focussed on nammAzhwAr only, because emperumAn is dear to AzhwAr and emperumAn's beauty here is so enjoyable, he looks at him. While in the vyAkyAnams there is no specific mention of archAvathAra emperumAn, we can understand that this relating to Adhi nAthan emperumAn of AzhwAr thirunagari since
  • AdhinAthan emperumAn, nammAzhwAr and madhurakavi AzhwAr are all residing in AzhwAr thirunagari.
  • For madhurakavi AzhwAr, AzhwAr thirunagari is paramapadham (because of AzhwAr's presence) as shown by himself in the last pAsuram as "vaikuntham kANminE".
It is explained in the vyAkyAnams that due to the fact that bhAgavathAs are so attached to emperumAn and vice versa, naturally, bhAgavatha nishtars will have attachment towards emperumAn and bhagavth nishtars will have attachment towards bhAgavathAs.

In the next article we will see kulasEkara AzhwAr's archAvathAra anubhavam.

adiyen sarathy ramanuja dasan

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